În anul 2011 Ministrul culturii, Kelemen Hunor a afirmat că relația cu Roșia Montană Gold Corporation (RMGC) a înregistrat un progres important pentru patrimoniul cultural din România și în particular pentru cel de la Roșia Montană.

Concret, domnia-sa vorbea despre angajamentul RMGC de a dona 70 de milioane dolari** Ministerului Culturii pentru recuperarea patrimoniului de la Roșia Montană. Ulterior, ministrul Kelemen a menționat chiar creșterea acestei sume la dublul ei – 140 de milioane de dolari.

Documentul - ”Protocolul”*** - în baza căruia urma să fie făcută donația de 70 de milioane de dolari nu a fost, însă, făcut public. Au ajuns, totuși, în presă, pe căi neoficiale, presupuse versiuni ale respectivului document. Dacă ele sunt veridice, atunci „Protocolul” este un document nelegal: pe de o parte, prin documentul respectiv, RMGC se angajează să doneze cele 70 de milioane de dolari, dar parte din această sumă nu poate fi donată o dată ce există o obligație legală pentru companie să achite (nu să doneze) statului o sumă de 25,7 milioane dolari. Apoi, donația efectivă este condiționată de obținerea tuturor avizelor și autorizațiilor necesare pentru demararea Proiectului de exploatare a aurului la Roșia Montană și de începerea efectivă a exploatării. Or’, asemenea condiții presupun că Ministerul Culturii să-și asume decizii care depind de alte instituții publice și, la limită, chiar de instanțele de judecată – odată ce, în prezent, proiectul este oprit din cauza unei sentințe. Mai mult, o altă clauză precizează că RMGC va plăti suma numai dacă va avea banii.

Dacă Protocolul are într-adevăr forma care a ajuns la public, specialiștii în drept administrativ au apreciat că este ilegal. În termeni comuni, el are aparența unei convenții mafiote, în care Ministerul Culturii este mituit pentru a ajuta un operator economic privat să-și rezolve litigiile cu alte instituții publice și chiar cu puterea judecătorească.

Pentru a-l putea, însă, ataca în instanță, e nevoie de documentul autentic. Din acest motiv, la începutul anului 2012, ActiveWatch a solicitat Protocolul în baza legii accesului la informații de interes public. Într-o primă rundă de corespondențe, Ministerul Culturii a declarat că nu deține documentul – pentru Minister a semnat Institutul Național al Patrimoniului (INP), o structură aflată în subordinea Ministerului. Apoi, INP a refuzat să-l facă public pe motiv că este secret, el fiind protejat ca un contract comercial.

Este relevant pentru a aprecia politicile succesivelor guverne în raport cu Roșia Montană faptul că acest argument a fost transmis după ce la conducerea Ministerului Culturii se instalase actualul ministru, Daniel Barbu.

Prima instanță în care cauza s-a judecat pe fond a acceptat solicitarea ActiveWatch și a cerut INP să facă public documentul solicitat. Iată decizia secției de contencios a Tribunalului București comunicată pe 25 martie 2013:

„Admite acţiunea formulată de reclamanta Active Watch - Agenţia de Monitorizare a Presei împotriva Institutului Naţional al Patrimoniului. Obligă pârâta să pună la dispoziţia reclamantei informaţia de interes public solicitată prin adresa nr. 85/11 ianuarie 2012, respectiv să comunice acesteia o copie a protocolului de cooperare pentru protejarea şi restaurarea patrimoniului cultural naţional semnat de către pârâtă cu SC Roşia Montană Gold Corporation SA. Ia act că nu s-au solicitat cheltuieli de judecată. Cu drept de recurs în termen de 15 zile de la comunicare. Pronunţată în şedinţă publică, azi 25 martie 2013.”

*ActiveWatch este reprezentată în instanță de Casa de Avocatură Sfârâială și Asociații.

** Iată aici un interviu edificator pentru viziunea fostului ministru al Culturii față de Protocolul cu RMGC
*** Acesta este versiunea „Protocolului” obținută neoficial. (Vă recomandăm lectura clauzelor 3.3 și 3.5):

 

protocol OF COOPERATION

This Protocol of Cooperation (the “Protocol”) has been concluded today,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, by and between:
1. The National Institute of Heritage, as a specialized public authority from the central public administration, subordinated to the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage, which ensures the implementation of the strategy and policies concerning the protection of national heritage, represented by Mr. Kovacs Josef, as General Manager, and Mrs. Lidia Chiran, lawyer,
(hereinafter called the “National Institute of Heritage” or “NIH”);
and
2. S.C. Roşia Montană Gold Corporation S.A., a Romanian company, headquartered in Roşia Montană, 321A Piaţa St., Alba county, registered with the Trade Registry of Alba Tribunal under No. J01/443/1999, sole registration code 9762620, with its registered office in Roşia Montană, 321A Piaţa St., Alba county, Romania, zip code 517615, represented by [Mr. Dragoş Tănase – General Manager and Mr. Nicolae Suciu – Senior Deputy Chairman]
(hereinafter called the “Company” or “RMGC”),
individually called the “Party” and together the “Parties”
WHEREAS:
(A) NIH is competent in and responsible with the protection of the national cultural heritage, a decisive factor for Romania’s cultural identity and a non-renewable resource. One of the NIH’s general objectives is the protection of national cultural heritage by specific programs and measures regarding research, inventory, record keeping, restoration and preservation, respectively the capitalization of cultural heritage by developing integrated projects and cooperation networks;
(B) NIH, as public institution with legal personality subordinated to the Ministry of Culture and National Heritage (“MCNH”), performs its duties on the protection of the cultural heritage;
(C) NIH, on behalf of MCNH, manages the funds allotted from the State budget for the purpose of performing research, appraisal and consolidation-restoration works and capitalizing the historical monuments included in the National Program for the Restoration of Historical Monuments (“NRP”), as well as its own funds;
(D) Considering the actual financing needs for the restoration, preservation and capitalization of historical monuments, as well as the fact that the amounts allotted from the State budget are insufficient, it is appropriate and necessary that NIH attracts private financial resources in order for MCNH / NIH to fulfill its objectives;
(E) Considering that RMGC is a Romanian strategic investor in mineral resources and it wishes to develop in Romania mining projects including the project in Rosia Montana, pending endorsement and authorization, which will be subsequently implemented by construction and operation (the “Project”);
(F) Considering that RMGC’s view, as an entity envisaging to develop a large mining investment, is based upon the concepts of social-cultural responsibility and sustainable development at a local and national level;
(G) Considering the RMGC’s long-term interest to develop the Project in a sustainable and responsible manner is aligned with the public authorities’ need to cooperate with and attract private entities in a joint effort of supporting the measures aimed at capitalizing on the Romanian cultural heritage;
(H) The Parties hereby wish to establish the fundamental principles and criteria of their cooperation, in order to reach the aforementioned targets. The provisions of the Protocol shall be subsequently developed by a detailed and specific contractual mechanism, taking the form of a sponsorship agreement, donation, or any other contractual form agreed by both Parties (hereinafter referred to as the “Subsequent Agreement”);
(I) Not lastly, and outside the scope of this Protocol, the Parties understand that RMGC intends, assuming progress in the development of the Project as per article 3.1 below, to allot an amount of USD [43,248,500] for investment in the restoration, preservation and capitalization of the historical monuments located within the Project area or near the Project, in addition to the amount of USD [25,701,500] already allocated in accordance with the undertakings made public as per the Project submitted for endorsement purposes to the Technical Analysis Commission in view of obtaining the environment endorsement.
(J)
Therefore, the Parties have agreed as follows:
1. Scope of Cooperation
1.1. The Parties shall cooperate in order to protect and restore the national cultural heritage by setting and implementing a financing mechanism, out of the resources made available to NIH by RMGC, with the view of performing certain works for the restoration, preservation and/or capitalization of the historical monuments to be jointly agreed by the Parties.
1.2. The historical monuments for the restoration, preservation and/or capitalization of which RMGC will allot financial resources will be proposed by MCNH and / or NIH out of the monuments included in the List of Historical Monuments which are in the public property of the State or in the property of religious cults, as jointly agreed by the Parties in the Subsequent Agreement.
2. Financing Undertaking
2.1. Provided that the terms and conditions of this Protocol are observed and that the Subsequent Agreement is concluded, RMGC hereby expresses its intention to provide to NIH a non-reimbursable financial contribution with a value of USD 70 million, payable as per the schedule agreed in this Protocol;
2.2. The Parties understand and agree that this financial contribution is to be used for the for NIH achieving the objectives established for restoration, preservation and capitalization of certain historical monuments jointly agreed by the Parties, based on a list prepared by specialists of MCNH / INP. The details on the payment conditions, schedule of payments, the objectives, the parties’ rights and obligations and, in general, the elements concerning the development of the sponsorship shall be agreed upon by the Parties and shall be included in the Subsequent Agreement.
2.3. The Parties undertake to negotiate and conclude the Subsequent Agreement by which they shall develop, detail and supplement this Protocol within maximum 15 days as of the Execution Date. Parties understand that by the Subsequent Agreement they shall not provide for any additional obligations or undertakings binding upon RMGC, other than those already provided in this Protocol.
3. Principles of the Financing Undertaking
3.1. As a premise of their cooperation, the Parties understand and agree that RMGC’s undertaking herein as to finance objectives pertaining to national cultural heritage is fundamentally linked to RMGC’s progress in the development of the Project, both in the endorsement and in the authorization stage and in the construction and operation stages.
3.2. The Parties agree that by the Subsequent Agreement they shall set a detailed schedule of the financing undertaking amounting to USD 70 million, according to the following essential coordinates:
a) The First Installment of USD 7 million shall be paid within 5 days as of the execution date of the Subsequent Agreement;
b) Subject to article 3.3 (i),[1] the Second Installment of USD 3 million shall be paid on December 10, 2011 or earlier, if so agreed by the Parties;
c) Subject to articles 3.3 and 3.5, the balance of USD 60 million (the “Balance Payment”) shall be released in 8 half-year installments of USD 7.5 million each (the “Half-Year Installment”) payable, in principle, every 6 months commencing on the date when the payment obligation (as described below) arises, in compliance with the following conditions:
• The first Half-Year Installment shall be paid within [30] days as of all the construction authorizations 2 of the Project are validly executed and issued to RMGC;
• The time when the first Half-Year Installment is paid determines the payment date of the second Half-Year Installment (i.e. 6 months after the payment of the first Half-Year Installment);
• The payment of the third Half-Year Installment shall be performed within [30] days as of starting the operation phase of the Project which, in its turn, will determine the payment date of the forth Half-Year Installment (i.e. 6 months after the payment of the third Half-Year Installment); the provisions and principles of this paragraph will also apply to the other Half-Year Installments, until the entire Balance Payment is paid;
• The payment of the first Half-Year Installment will entail and condition the payment of all other Half-Year Installments. Similarly, the payment of a Half-Year Installment determines and conditions the payment of the next Half-Year Installment, with the observance of art. 3.3 and 3.5 below.
3.3. The Parties understand that the Project’s development and implementation depends (i) on obtaining the significant permits[ , (ii) on obtaining all construction authorizations of Project, (iii) on obtaining necessary financing for developing the Project, as well as (iv) on beginning and continuing the Project operation. .
3.4. RMGC understands and agrees not to condition by any means the performance of the Protocol, by invoking other phases in the Project development than those provided under paragraph 3.3 above.
3.5. If (i) the necessary financing for developing the Project is not obtained or (ii) one or more significant administrative deeds (permits, licenses, endorsements, as the case may be) on which the development of the Project relies are annulled or their effects are suspended or (iii) the operation of the Project is suspended, the payment of the Second Installment (but not in the case of failure to obtain necessary financing as per item (i) above) and / or of any pending Half-Year Installment, is suspended until the situation is remedied. For the purpose of this article, “to be remedied” means to issue, re-issue, finally and irrevocably reject the annulment or to cancel the suspension of the relevant administrative deed, or, as the case may be, obtaining the necessary financing for developing the Project, or resumption of the Project operation.
4. Implementation of the Cooperation
4.1. For the purpose of implementing this Protocol, the Parties shall conclude the Subsequent Agreement] whereby they may regulate certain issues, including, without limitation:
a) the objectives (historical monuments) whose restoration / preservation / capitalization will be financed by RMGC’s contribution;
b) for each target, a cost estimate of works;
c) the schedule on the release of installments from RMGC’s financial contribution, in compliance with art. 3 above.
5. Termination of the Protocol
5.1. This Protocol shall be terminated by the agreement of the Parties.
6. Confidentiality
6.1. The Parties undertake to keep confidential the terms and conditions hereof.
6.2. The Parties may consent to publicly disclose, in part or in whole, the Protocol and the principles on which the Protocol is grounded, by agreeing, before any such public disclosure, on the principles, details and potential limitations of such disclosure. If Parties agree on the public disclosure of this Protocol, the Parties understand and agree on disclosure of the following elements of the Protocol: scope of the Protocol, purpose and objectives of the Protocol, value of RMGC’s contribution, as well as the calendar under which such contribution is disbursed.
6.3. The provisions of this art. 6 (Confidentiality) shall not restrict any disclosure that either Party must make under the applicable law, regulation, a judgment or arbitral decision or a decision issued by an authority which is legally entitled to ask for such disclosure, provided that, to the extent that it is legal and practical, before the disclosure, the Party which must make the respective disclosure promptly notifies the other Party on the respective requirement, to allow such Party to challenge the disclosure or to agree on the time of release and the content of such disclosure.
7. Notices
7.1. Any notice or other communication related to this Protocol (the “Notice”) shall be made in writing, in Romanian and shall be served personally, by fax, registered mail or courier, at the following addresses:
a) For NIH:
Attn: The General Manager of NIH;
Address : [•].
b) For RMGC:
Attn: [Mr. Dragoş Tănase – General Manager];
Address : [•].
7.2. A Notice shall be valid upon receipt and is considered received upon delivery, if delivered personally, by registered mail or courier, or upon reception of the acknowledgement of receipt, if the delivery was made by fax.
8. Applicable Law
8.1. This Protocol shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the Romanian law.
9. Settlement of Disputes
9.1. The Parties shall make their best efforts to amicably settle all disputes arising from the provisions hereof. If an amicable settlement cannot be reached, the disputes shall be settled by the relevant Romanian courts.
10. Miscellaneous
10.1. No amendment hereof shall be valid or effective unless agreed upon by the Parties in writing and appropriately drafted in writing, signed by or on behalf of the Parties and attached as an addendum hereto.
This Protocol had been drafted in 2 counterparts, 1 for each party, in Romanian, in Bucharest, on the date mentioned above.
For and on behalf of
The National Institute of Heritage For and on behalf of
S.C. Roşia Montană Gold Corporation S.A.
_______________________ _______________________
Kovacs Josef - General Manager Dragoş Tanase – General Manager
_______________________
Nicolae Suciu – Senior Deputy Chairman

 


 

ActiveWatch / CC BY 3.0